|4.56.56||Barbora Marcinkova||Slovak Republic|
|4.48.38||Bucket List Boys||David Cowperthwaite / Brynden Russell||Australia|
|5.21.26||City Tattersalls Team 3||Sue Coombes / Peter Miller||New Zealand / Australia|
|5.25.34||Pacific Zimmers||Fred Pucci / David Handley||Australia|
|6.06.50||Aqua Bumps||Claudia Nicholson / Justine O’Connell||Australia|
|19km TEAMS OF 5|
|3.34.32||No! We’re Team Queensland||Hugh Cumming / Sarah Johnstone / Emily Seymour / Amy Thompson / Austin Whayman||Australia|
|4.262.26||Maroubra Vonu A||Malcolm Allen / Brooke Cassell / Shane Gould / Mark Muellner / Nathan Spinks||Australia|
|4.53.52||City Tattersalls Team 1||Andrew Jacobs / Darrin Jones / John Keevers / Michael Murray / Brian Scott||Australia|
|4.56.56||NZ Four Skindivers||Michael Bodger / Geoff Brown / Karen Markin / Lesley Parkin / Rebecca Perrott||New Zealand|
|5.51.11||Team Ratu Roy||Paul Ellercamp / Lea Hill / Suanne Hunt / Gary Nicholls / Roy Swan||Australia|
|19km BOLLYWOOD TEAMS – unoffical, but fun category!|
|5.25.35||Northern Rivers||Michael Fellner / David Launders / Nathan Linton-France||Australia|
|5.32.55||City Tattersalls Team 2||Mark Anderson / Greg Chalmers / Peter Flood / John Freiman / Stephen Matthews / Garry McIlwaine / Michael Sterndale-Smith / Phillip Sterndale-Smith||Australia|
|5.43.03||Team Midgets||Jessica Stewart / Bianca Austin / Elayne Forbes||Australia|
|5.46.47||Maroubra Vonu B||Jeanine Allaous / Garry Burton / Amanda Elley / Shaun Traynor / Nic Erickson / Bryan MacGregor / Rob MacGregor / Chris Smith||Australia / Fiji|
|(5.05.38)||Team Bollywood!||Rachael Elkaim / Christine Conolly / Neil Rogers||Australia|
|2.7km Fiji Swims 2011|
|27.26||Austin Whayman (24.56)||Australia|
|29.32||Rebecca Perrott||New Zealand|
|32.32||Geoff Brown||New Zealand|
|36.32||Sue Coombes||New Zealand|
|37.27||Karen Markin||New Zealand|
|37.60||Michael Bodger||New Zealand|
|50.07||Cathy van den Bovenkamp||Australia|
|1km Fiji Swims 2011|
|1.00.04||Becci Gardiner (on inflatable flip-flop)|
|1.00.04||Louise Stevenson (on inflatable flip-flop)|
When people set out to begin a major work project or adopt a healthier lifestyle, it’s easy to become discouraged when picturing the long road ahead. By the same token, even smaller scale plans like keeping a medical appointment or a standing date to the gym can become easily derailed by the busyness of our daily lives or a simple aversion to the doctor or the treadmill.
In a series of studies, Wharton operations and information management professor Katherine Milkman finds that there are relatively simple steps that people can take to help themselves or their employees or relatives to stick to their plans and adopt behaviors that are better for overall well being. Choi and Harvard professors John Beshears, David Laibson and Brigitte C. Madrian.
An edited transcript of the conversation appears below.
On overcoming temptation and achieving goals:
My research looks at how people can overcome temptation and how they can achieve their goals, particularly in the domain of health. So how people can do things like exercise more, eat healthier food and make and keep medical appointments that they know are in their long term best interest.
The first study I wanted to mention to you is one I did to look at the power of planning prompts, or prompting people to form a plan about exactly when they follow through on and engage in a good behavior, like getting a flu shot or a colonoscopy. We found that when people are prompted to just write down the date and time when they will get a flu shot, we see dramatically higher rates of follow through. This also works with colonoscopies.
“Planning prompts are one wholesale jerseys way people can really help one another increase goal follow through.”
I have another study that I really like that looks at the power of fresh starts. What do I mean by a fresh start? Well, there are moments in our lives that feel like the start of a new era, the start of a new cycle, like the beginning of a new week, the beginning of a new month, the beginning of a new year, following a holiday or following a birthday. We see that people search more for the term “diet” on Google [during those times]. We see that people go to the gym more frequently following those fresh start moments. And we also see that they create more goals, both health related and health irrelevant goals on a goal setting website.
A third study that I think is representative of this line of work looks at an idea I called temptation bundling. The idea is simple: Imagine that you really struggle to go to the gym. You don have the willpower at the end of a long day. And imagine you also have a thing for a trashy TV show, let say Breaking Bad. You feel a little guilty about watching Breaking Bad when you should be doing other things. So how do you solve these two problems? What if you only let yourself watch Breaking Bad while you were exercising at the gym? You would stop wasting time at home watching this TV show that you feel guilty about and you would start craving trips to the gym at the end of a long day to see what happens in the next episode. Not only that, you will enjoy your workout and your Breaking Bad episode more combined because you won feel guilty watching that episode. And time will fly while you exercising at the gym.
The key takeaways are a number of tools that you can use to try to help yourself or help others follow through on their goals. One key takeaway is that whenever you want to help somebody follow through on a goal, one thing you should do is actually prompt them to think about exactly when and where and how they will accomplish that goal. By prompting them to think through those things, even if they do it privately and don ever tell you their plans, you can help them reduce the likelihood that they will actually forget to follow through because now there is this cue embedded in their memory that is going to trigger the recollection, “Oh, this is when I supposed to this is the moment I said I do it. This is when I supposed to go to the gym.” It also makes it harder for them to procrastinate because now they putting off something they explicitly said they do, rather than kind of a vague intention. So planning prompts are one way people can really help one another increase goal follow through.
“People are more likely to go to the gym in the months following a birthday than in the months preceding it.”
Another practical implication of my work is that it suggests that you may want to encourage people to follow through on their goals at fresh start moments. If you thinking about when [to remind an] employee about an objective that he or she wanted to meet, for instance, the best time may be after a fresh start. So at the beginning of a new week, month, year, following a birthday, a work anniversary or even at a moment you could frame to them as a fresh start for some reason. It the start of a new project, for your team, for instance. So those are a couple of practical implications.
Temptation bundling suggests that you can encourage people to bundle their temptations with things that they know they should do. For instance, as we talked about earlier, bundling an engaging audio novel, say, or a TV show with exercise. Or you could only allow yourself to, say, get a pedicure when catching up on overdue work. Or to watch your favorite TV show at home when catching up on some household chores or listening to your favorite music while catching up on chores.
On the biggest surprises from the research:
One thing I found really surprising was how huge the demand was in a study I ran for temptation bundling. In this study we asked participants if they would be willing to pay us to take away a possession they could otherwise use freely an iPod we given them as a gift, that was preloaded with a tempting audio novel of their choice and lock this possession they could otherwise use freely at the gym so they could only access it when working out. We thought that not that many people will find it attractive to pay us to take away something they could otherwise use whenever they wanted. And, in fact, more than 60% of our participants said, sign me up, that sounds great.” And they wanted to give us money in order to take away this tempting possession so it could help them exercise more. So that was one really interesting, I thought, and surprising and exciting finding.
I have another one that kind of funny. My other surprising finding is actually in the research I did on fresh starts, also in a study looking at gym attendance. What we found in that study, one of many things we found in that study, is that people are more likely to go to the gym in the months following a birthday than in the months preceding it so, following this fresh start event. Now interestingly, that true for every birthday that was in our data set except one notable birthday the 21st birthday.
When we first found this, we were a wholesale nhl jerseys china little surprised and then pretty quickly we realized maybe there is a reason for that. That not so bizarre after all. But that was something that stuck out at us as interesting in our findings.
On the practical implications of the research:
One thing that organizations could do is simply use planning prompts whenever they want to encourage follow through on a good behavior. They could prompt people to think through the where, when and how of engaging in that behavior. Another thing they could do is try to provide tools to facilitate temptation bundling. For instance, at their gyms they could offer to have a subscription available to Netflix that you could log into and watch your favorite show, and pick up where you left off. Or they could hold your iPod in a locker for you so that you could pick up listening to your favorite audio novel where you left off on your previous visit.
On misconceptions dispelled by the research:
I think one of the main misperceptions these studies dispel is that there not a lot you can do if you are, say, overweight or in debt or haven achieved the educational goals that you hoped to achieve. What these studies say is that there are, indeed, tools you can use and strategies you wholesale cheap jerseys can employ and that your friends can actually help you with as well to help motivate you to achieve your goals.
On new ground covered by the research:
A lot of this research that I done is actually really new. No one had ever looked at fresh starts before, so that sort of wildly new. No one had ever looked at this idea of temptation bundling. The one set of studies that overlap a little bit more with past work are the studies on planning prompts. People had looked at the power of planning prompts in the past, but what sets our work apart is two things. One, a lot of past studies involving planning prompts actually involved face to face contact or contact over the phone with someone who asked you to walk through a plan. And what we actually did is sent a simple mailing. You never interact with another person. You simply prompted to write down the date and time when you plan to engage in a given behavior. There is no social pressure that might be increasing the power of the planning prompt, and we still see huge benefits.
“Here are tools you can use and strategies you can employ and that your friends can actually help you with as well to help motivate you to achieve your goals.”
One of the things that we do is isolate the fact that it not something about social pressure, it just the act of forming a plan privately that can really increase follow through. We also do that study with a very large, real population thousands of people looking at real flu shots, whereas a lot of past studies have looked at hypotheticals or self reports.
I doing a lot of research right now looking at other ways we can encourage people to follow through on their goals and overcome temptation. One study that I particularly excited about is a large field experiment looking at encouraging people to save more for retirement. We have about 30,000 people, and in our experiment we encouraging them all to sign up to take money out of their paycheck and send it to their 401(k). Some people cheap nhl jerseys are offered the opportunity to do that, to start having the money at a fresh start moment so say, following a birthday or following the New Year whereas other people are also offered the opportunity to do it in the future, but at a fairly arbitrary date. And what we hoping is that our hypothesis will be confirmed, which is that people will be more motivated to save and enroll in these retirement savings programs following fresh start dates, and that that will be a strategy that can then be employed more widely.Articles Connexes：
sales. There far more that goes on with your booth visitor. Building long lasting, discount michael kors sale profitable relationships is key! To do this effectively, you may cheap Michael kors need to take the conversation Don be afraid to use questions to do this. Ask questions that allow you to replica Michael Kors get to know the visitor better. This can be as simple as "Where are cheap Michael kors handbags you from?" Look to visual cues clothing, jewelry, pin, etc. anything that allows you to go further conversationally cheap michael kors store and further reinforce the relationship. It only when you start asking Strategy 7: Go After Low Lying Fruit Visitors often indicate, often unconsciously, what they want to talk about. If they mention a subject repeatedly, or devote considerable time in one particular area, that a pretty good clue to let you know that this topic is important to them. Yet many times, either exhibitors don hear cheap Michael Kors what being said, because they tuned into their own mind or, they might away from a topic because it sensitive, Michael Kors handbag outlet or something they just don know discount michael kors about. They might avoid the latter not to
Top 7 Steps to Take When Choosing a Home Loan Your home loan is almost as important as the home you choose. Small changes on paper % here, % there can mean BIG changes to your monthly payment, and thousands of dollars over the lifetime of your loan. Today, it seems as though there are thousands of mortgage brokers lenders in every market and there are! Unless your brother, sister, Dad, or best friend are a mortgage broker (and sometimes even when they are) your lender might not always be the most competent, or have your best interests in mind. Here are 7 easy steps to take when looking for a home loan. There are thousands of mortgage replica michael kors brokers in cheap michael kors handbags any market, and hundreds of loan programs that each broker will usually have access to. Each loan program fills a niche a special financial situation that you may or may not belong to. High credit score with no verifiable income, mediocre credit score with verifiable income, high credit score without rental history, etc The list goes on and on! You need to make sure that
After the Rice and Adrian Peterson cases, a more extensive list of prohibited conduct will be included in the policy, as well as specific criteria for paid leave for anyone charged with a violent crime. The policy is similar to the rules established by the New York Police Department, according to The Wall Street Journal. The newspaper reported that Goodell peppered New York City Police Commissioner Bill Bratton last month with questions about how his department handles similar cases. A suspension of six games without Women Neal Broten Jersey pay for violations involving assault, sexual assault, battery, domestic violence, child abuse and other forms of family violence will be in effect, but with consideration given to mitigating or aggravating circumstances. Read details of the new NFL personal conduct policy here"The policy is comprehensive. It is strong. It is tough. And it better for everyone associated with the NFL," Goodell said. The players’ union blasted the owners for acting unilaterally. "Our
On September 8th, 2007 in London, England two of the best 205lb mixed martial artists in the world will meet and unify the Pride and UFC light heavyweight title belts. Dan "Hollywood" Henderson and Quinton "Rampage" Jackson are at Cheap Yeezy Adidas for Sale the top of their respective games, but who has the better game?Quinton Jackson was relatively unknown to UFC fans before he joined the organization. Jackson’s first test was against the always tough Marvin Eastman. While Marvin put up a good fight, Quinton eventually out struck and out muscled Eastman KO’ing him in the second round. Jackson’s main strength is his strength; strength Cheap 350 Boost $189 Paypal and aggressiveness. Quinton Jackson has a good chin, heavy hands and is a good wrestler Replica Yeezy 350 Boost Free Shipping with a strong high school Yeezy 550 New Release and junior college wrestling background. Dan was a decorated wrestler in high school and went on to fight in Greco Roman wrestling for the US Olympic team in 1992 and 1996. It’s safe to say that Dan Henderson is one of the best wrestlers in MMA. That said, it’s not often that Dan Henderson wins a fight by out wrestling his opponent. Usually Dan ends fights with his big right hand (his left is pretty good too). Dan Henderson hits like a truck and has one of the best chins in MMA. His chin has been tested and has survived the Cheap Yeezy 350 Boost Release likes of Cheap 350 Boost $189 Paypal Wanderlei Silva, Vitor Belfort, Murilo Rua and others. For example, Quinton Jackson defeated Ricardo Arona, but Dan Henderson lost to Arona. Dan Henderson defeated Cheap Yeezy 550 Shoes Wanderlei Silva, but Silva Replica Adidas Yeezy 350 Boost defeated Quinton Jackson. Trying to predict the outcome of this fight is enough to make your head spin. One thing worth noting is that Dan Henderson is 8 years older than Quinton Jackson. On paper, Dan Henderson should Cheap Yeezy New Release take this fight. His wrestling balances or overcomes Quinton’s strength and wrestling ability, their striking is on par with each other and Dan Henderson’s experience out weighs that of Jackson. However, this is a fight and anything can happen in the ring (or cage).
that there is more pressure when points are at stake and this can signify more physical punishment and more life long injuries, at the end, Replica Adidas Yeezy Online the ones on the field had it their way. Mark Herzlich signs with the Giants Mark Cheap Yeezy 350 Colorways Herzlich, the former linebacker for Boston College who was granted the 350 Colorways Pirate Black ACC Defensive Player of the Year award back in 08, and who returned Boost 550 Pirate Black and played all thirteen games in 2010 after a year long battle with cancer has just signed a deal with the New York Giants as an undrafted free agent. It is no surprise that Herzlich got signed by NY since head coach Tom Coughlin is a former coach for the BC Eagles and it is likely that he followed the career of the 23 year old player and made a push for his signing. Cristie Kerr hoping to win British Open The women version of the British Replica Adidas Yeezy Yeezy 350 Boost Release Date Online Open starts on Thursday, and Cristie Kerr, a two time major winner (the 07 US Cheap Yeezy 350 Online Open and the LPGA Championship from last year), is hoping for a first win at this event, as his best attempt at this competition
have been performed in which biomarkers in serum and CSF after SCI were investigated. For those that have been conducted, S 100 and neuron specific enolase (NSE) have especially received attention. An overview is shown in Tables 1 and 2. Compared with the control group, the NSE levels in serum and CSF were significantly increased at 6 after the induced SCI. The NSE levels in the two graded injured groups did not differ significantly. Another study simulating ischemic SCI using thoracoabdominal aortic cross clamping in 10 dogs identified significantly elevated NSE levels in CSF during clamping and reperfusion.35 Time dependency of biomarkersCao et al.38 evaluated the relationship between the 350 Boost $189 Online protein levels of NSE and S 100 in serum and CSF and Replica For Adidas 550 Boost the severity of acute SCI in an animal model. Eighty Sprague rats were divided into four groups: control group, mild SCI group, moderate SCI group and severe SCI group. Graded SCI Yeezy Replica Adidas Yeezy 350 Boost 550 Boost For Sale was provided using a weight drop model from different heights. Serum
simple,wholesale nfl jerseys, et des graphismes certes trs Disney,Authenitc Chris Johnson Jersey, mais trop enfantins,Wholesale Kurt Warner Jersey, il remplit son pari de plaire aux jeunes. La Toy Box permettra en plus de crer ses propres niveaux dans ces univers,Cheap Jersey Online Store, d’ailleurs son fonctionnement jug trop compliqu l’an dernier a t grandement simplifi pour tre accessible aux plus petits. Guitar Hero Live PS4 Xbox One Guitar Hero est enfin de retour! Livr avec une nouvelle guitare,Authenitc NBA Jersey For Sale, le principe a chang. Fini les couleurs,Patrick Peterson Jersey Shopping Store, on dispose dsormais de deux ranges de trois touches. Rsultat,cheap mlb jerseys, le petit doigt travaille enfin,Darnell Dockett Jersey For Sale, et le principe volue en finesse. Il demandera toujours son petit temps d’adaptation,oakleys sale, mais la recette semble avoir remport le succs auprs des joueurs. Avec une bande son qui privilgie la varit,wholesale ray bans, allant de Soundgarden en passant par Rihanna,John Brown Jersey For Sale, Linkin Park ou Katty Perry,Carson Palmer Jersey Shopping Store, il plaira au plus grand nombre. Dans ce jeu de plateforme dans la plus pure tradition Nintendo,Cheap Yeezy Boost New Release, Yoshi se retrouve dans un monde fait de laine. Il devra traverser les diffrents mondes et utiliser ses capacits et des pouvoirs
scofflaws to haul themselves in to the parking bureau before they are caught, Scheutzow said. The increase in parking payments started in October, when the impending booting law was announced, and it cheap michael kors has held steady since then. Scheutzow and city police agree that the booting effort has increased compliance cheap jerseys with parking laws and payment of cheap replica oakleys parking tickets. "It’s working out fantastic," cheap yeezy boost 750 said police Lt. Joe Sweeny, who oversees the booting program. The law allows city police to place a boot on any vehicle with three or more delinquent tickets until the back amount is paid. Many of the booted vehicles’ drivers owed cheap fake ray bans more than $1,000. Here are nike nhl jerseys stories about the boot’s effect on drivers and the community: On a Friday afternoon in downtown Syracuse, William Mathis emerged from cheap nhl jerseys an office building after dropping Christian Louboutin Outlet off fake cheap oakleys some papers, walked out to the parking lot and spotted a bright yellow hunk of metal hugging the rear driver’s side cheap jerseys tire michael kors handbags outlet of his Impala. "Aw, man," Mathis groaned through a quiet laugh, shaking